$61.00  0.29%  
$11.23  0.97%  
$54.00  1.22%  
$36.29  1.65%  
$93.11  0.31%  
$68.31  1.39%  
$19.10  5.12%  
$76.97  0.94%  
$66.31  0.25%  
$122.23  0.30%  
$71.86  0.03%  
$100.43  0.07%  
$97.92  0.30%  
$59.48  0.12%  
$28.56  0.00%  
$20.31  0.93%  
$25.52  0.28%  
$6.09  1.30%  
$19.56  1.24%  
$223.66  1.65%  

Is the Corn Market Moving Towards 7.30 Gap?

Pouring corn grain into tractor trailer after harvest

Is the Corn Market Moving Towards 7.30 Gap?

The Corn Market has been carving out a flag formation for the past 6 months. Lower highs and Higher lows have kept traders waiting.  Annual lows during our typical seasonal high period, have juked out traders in the last 6 months. This also isn’t our first time breaking out of the flag formation. As you can see corn has gotten both the bulls and the bears on fake breakouts recently.

Last week, the USDA released a major data dump of Quarterly Stocks, Winter Wheat seeding acres, monthly WASDE, and Crop Production reports, causing corn prices to rise. The USDA reduced the projected 2022 harvested acres of corn by 1.6 million acres due to the western corn belt experiencing one of its driest summers on record. The demand for feed crops by livestock producers also shifts the demand for harvested acres for grain, which can also contribute to the increase in corn prices.

Corn Markets Historical Patterns

Corn shows seasonal strength to continue into March. Allowing the market plenty of time for the potential to close the 7.3225 price gap. I suspect the market to find some resistance at the 7.00 board price as producers continue to offload their 2022 crop and pay down operating notes. This has become a talking point for many producers this year. The cost of production to raise corn in South West Minnesota, NW Iowa, and SE South Dakota has climbed to $800-$1,100 per acre. The typical interest rate on an operating loan is around 7.25%. These are the dynamics producers are playing out and will want to operate on more cash than they have in recent years.

12 year corn price history chart
12-year corn price history chart

Corn Market: Balance Sheet

From a Global perspective according to the January WASDE report the Corn carryout has shrunk to 322.32 Million Metric tons compared to 324.27 Million Metic tons from the December estimate. Even after a year of historically higher prices, the carry-out shrunk. 

A few things that factor into this is the globe is coming off 2 years of a La Nina weather pattern. La Nina patterns oftentimes lead to a drier upper midwest in the U.S. which is a core part of corn production. La Nina can also have an adverse effect on crop growth in South America. La Nina will oftentimes keep Northern Brazil wetter than normal and Argentina drier than normal. 

Ukraine’s war with Russia continues. This makes crop production, and transportation particularly difficult in this region.  At 41 Million Metric Tons Ukraine was the world’s 6th largest corn producer before the war. Estimates for this coming crop year have taken about 20-25% off normal production levels. 

Corn Market Price Chart
Corn Market Price Chart

Corn Market Outlook

2023 is shaping up to be a year of ying and yang. For the bears, we have a weakening La Nina pattern which could signal a return to larger crops for the Second crop Brazilian corn, and a bigger North American crop for the 2023 season. Grain Markets have taken note of the weather models but they are still trying to digest just how bad the situation is in Argentina and Southern Brazil soybean production. 
Another risk to the grain markets is more on the Macro scale. Markets are still trying to digest one of the fastest pace interest rate hike programs the world has seen. The Federal Reserve has been tasked with the job to keep inflation at a target rate of 2%. With limited capabilities of doing this, they look to raise interest rates to curb demand. A quick and dirty way of trying to gauge how far the Fed needs to raise interest rates is you need to get the fed funds rate above the inflation rate. 
According to the most recent CPI data, inflation for consumer products came in at 6.5% in December. Current Fed funds rate is 4.1%. Since CPI is an average of the past 12 months it can take a few months to see the effect of the interest rate hikes to trickle down into the CPI readings.
Fed Funds Rate vs. CPI
Fed Funds Rate vs. CPI

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